Although a theoretically ever-expanding Caliphate does not recognize international borders or traditional states, its leadership nonetheless strived to reproduce all the traditional signs of sovereignty. Last but not least, they created a new currency. Minting of dinars and dirhams was the final component in solidifying the physical reality of the group’s millenarian utopia.
At the conference ‘ISIS in Europe’ a panel of scholars and security experts tackled the interlinked issues of jihadi radicalization and terrorism in Europe from both a sociological and security perspective. The conference attempted to examine the reasons why Europeans engage in violence inspired by a jihadist narrative, whether at home or abroad, and how state security agencies can better cooperate and coordinate their actions to counter the recruitment of these Europeans into groups such as ISIS.
The Islamic State has become an entrenched jihadist statelet feeding off the failure of the Iraqi state and the chaos of the Syrian civil war. A new book, The ISIS Apocalypse, provides a detailed history of this singular organisation and its fractured trajectory.
(Caveat: the quotations are from the advance uncorrected proof – page references might not necessary match the final print version.)